YOUR ONE STOP TRAVEL SHOP FOR KENYA AND TANZANIA
TENTED AND LODGE SAFARIS IN KENYA AND TANZANIA- MT KENYA AND KILIMANJARO TREKS
BEACH HOLIDAYS - HOTELS - RAFTING - BALLOON FLIGHTS - TRIP PLANNING SERVICE
A GUIDE TO KENYA AND ITS PLACES OF INTEREST
General. The Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa, bisected by the Equator and bordered by Somalia to the northeast, Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to the northwest, Uganda to the west and Tanzania to the south. The east of Kenya is bordered by the beautiful Indian Ocean beaches. Lake Victoria is situated to the southwest, and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania.
With its capital city in Nairobi, Kenya has numerous wildlife reserves containing thousands of animal species. It has a land area of 580,000 km2 and a population of around 40 million residents, representing many different peoples and cultures. The country is named after Mount Kenya, the second highest mountain in Africa.
Kenya is a country of 47 districts, each with its own government semi-autonomous to the central government in the capital, Nairobi. The country's geography is as diverse as its people, ranging from savannah grasslands, arid and semi-arid bushes to the central regions and the western parts with forests and mountains, while the northern regions are near desert landscapes.
History. As part of East Africa, Kenya has seen human habitation since the Lower Paleolithic period. The Bantu expansion reached the area by the 1st millennium AD, and the borders of the modern state comprise the crossroads of the Nilo-Saharan, the Afro-Asiatic and the Bantu linguistic areas of Africa, making Kenya a truly multi-ethnic state. European and Arab presence in Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period, but European exploration of the interior began only in the 19th century. The British established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895. From 1920 it was known as the Kenya Colony and achieved independence in 1963.
Economy. The economy of Kenya is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa. The country traditionally produces world renowned tea and coffee, and more recently became a major exporter of fresh flowers to Europe.
Religion. The vast majority of Kenyans are Christian with 45% regarding themselves as Protestant and 33% as Roman Catholic. Sizeable minorities of other faiths do exist (Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%), but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely. Sixty percent of the Muslim population lives in Coast Province, comprising 50 percent of the total population there. Western areas of Coast Province are mostly Christian. The upper part of Eastern Province is home to 10 percent of the country's Muslims, where they are the majority religious group. In addition, there is a fairly large Hindu population in Kenya (around 500,000), who have integrated well with the community and play a key role in Kenya's economy, as well as a minority group of Baha'is.
Climate. Straddling the Equator, the country does not have Spring Summer Autumn and Winter. Instead, it has 2 wet and 2 dry seasons. Kenya's climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate inland to arid in the north and northeast parts of the country. The country receives a great deal of sunshine all the year round, and summer clothes are worn throughout the year. It is usually cool at night and early in the morning. The "long rains" season occurs from March/April to May/June. The "short rains" season occurs from October to November/December. The rainfall is sometimes heavy and often falls in the afternoons and evenings. The temperature remains high throughout these months of tropical rain. The hottest period is February and March, leading into the season of the long rains, and the coldest is in July and August.